Average Properties of Standard Steels

These figures show the approximate ranges of physical properties of steels in common use in 1″rounds. Lower range tensile properties are to be expected in large sections, while high properties may apply to smaller sections.

These figures are NOT guaranteed and are given only as an indication of what may be expected and should, under no circumstances, be used in specifying the raw materials. It must not be assumed that these properties will be obtained in all cases, as they vary widely with permissible variations in analysis, size of section, rolling conditions, grain size, and methods of heat treatment.

Dependable physical properties can only be obtained through carefully controlled heat treatment. These figures cannot be used as a basis of acceptance or rejection of material.
 
 

AiSi or SAE Number Condition of Steel Tensile Strength (PSi) Yield PSi % Elong in 2″ % red. Of Area Brinell Rockwell Machinability % of CD-1212 CS & W Color Code
1010 HOT ROLLED 50/60000 30/40000 30/40 55/65 115 Avg 648 Avg 50
COLD DRAWN 65/75000 50/60000 20/30 50/60 147 Avg 798 Avg 55
1212 COLD DRAWN 75/90000 60/70000 12/16 40/50 150/210 80/95B 100 RED
1213 COLD DRAWN 80/95000 70/80000 10/15 35/45 150/210 85/95B 135 GOLD
12L14 COLD DRAWN 70/85000 60/75000 12/18 40/50 150/180 80/90B 185 WHITE
12L14 Plus Tellurium COLD DRAWN 70/85000 60/75000 12/18 40/50 150/180 80/90B 295 BLUE
10181 HOT ROLLED 55/70000 35/50000 30/40 55/65 120/140 67/90B 55 GREEN
COLD DRAWN 70/85000 60/75000 18/25 45/55 150/180 80/90B 65 GREEN
Carburized at 1700F, Furnace Cooled, Reheated to 1425F, Quenched in Water, Tempered at 350F, CORE 90000 55000 26 55 185 90B
1020 HOT ROLLED 55/70000 35/50000 30/40 55/65 120/140 67/80B 50 RED
11171 HOT ROLLED 65/75000 40/50000 25/35 55/65 135/155 74/82B 80 PINK
COLD DRAWN 80/90000 65/80000 15/20 45/55 150/190 80/90B 90 PINK
Carburized at 1700F, Furnace Cooled, Reheated to 1425F, Quenched in Water, Tempered at 350F, CORE 95000 58000 24 53 195 92B
1040 HOT ROLLED 85/95000 50/60000 20/30 40/55 175/200 88/93B 60 YELLOW
COLD DRAWN 90/100000 70/85000 14/20 35/50 190/215 91/98B 62 YELLOW
Water Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 112000 88000 22 60 240 220
1045 HOT ROLLED 90/105000 55/65000 15/25 35/45 190/220 90/98B8 55 YELLOW
COLD DRAWN 90/110000 75/90000 12/20 30/45 195/230 90/98B 58 YELLOW
Water Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 120000 92000 20 55 255 25C
1137 HOT ROLLED 90/105000 55/70000 15/25 35/50 180/220 89/98B 65 ALUMINUM WITH RED DOT
COLD DRAWN 90/110000 75/90000 9/19 25/35 190/225 90/99B 72 ALUMINUM WITH RED DOT
Water Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 120000 105000 18 60 260 26C
Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 110000 88000 22 62 225 19C
11411 HOLD ROLLED 95/110000 55/70000 15/25 190/220 90/99B 63 ALUMINUM
COLD DRAWN 100/120000 85/105000 8/18 200/250 93B/24C 70
Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 120000 90000 20 250 24
1144 COLD DRAWN 100/120000 90/110000 7/17 210/250 17/24 85 BROWN
Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 122000 92000 19 250 24
STRESSPROOF® COLD DRAWN STRESS 125000 100000 12 235/285 22/30 83 ORANGE
FATIGUEPROOF® ELEVATED TEMPERATURE DRAWN 1400002 1250000 5/15 280 30-Min 80 GREEN AND ORANGE
1050 HOT ROLLED 95/110000 55/70000 15/25 25/40 200/235 93/99B 50 YELLOW
COLD DRAWN 90/110000 75/90000 10/20 25/40 195/240 90/100B 51 YELLOW
Water Quenched From 1525F, Tempered at 1000F 125000 95000 20 55 265 27C
1095 HOT ROLLED 130/150000 75/95000 7/170 10/25 260/300 26/32C PURPLE
HOT ROLLED ANNEALED 90/110000 55/65000 15/25 35/45 190/220 90/99B 42 PURPLE
Water Quenched from 1450F, Tempered at 1000F 170000 110000 14 38 290 36C
41421,3 HOT ROLLED ANNEALED 90/100000 60/70000 20/30 50/60 185/210 90/95B 55 GREEN & BLACK
ANNEALED COLD DRAWN 105/120000 85/95000 15/25 45/55 230/250 20/25C 65 GREEN & BLACK
COLD DRAWN HEAT TREATED 140/155000 125/140000 12/20 45/55 270/300 20/25C 50 RED & BLACK
1″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 150/160000 130/140000 15/20 45/55 300/350 32/37C
2″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 145/155000 125/135000 15/20 50/60 300/350 32/37C
3″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 130/145000 115/125000 15/20 50/60 280/310 28/32C
4147-41501,3 HOT ROLLED ANNEALED 90/110000 65/75000 20/30 45/55 185/215 90/96B 52 GREEN & BLACK WITH ORANGE STRIPE
1″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 165/180000 140/155000 15/20 45/55 340/375 37/40C
2″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 160/170000 135/150000 15/20 45/55 330/350 36/38C
3″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 150/160000 130/140000 15/20 50/60 310/330 34/36C
4″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 140/155000 120/130000 15/20 50/60 290/315 31/34C
ETD 150 ELEVATED TEMPERATURE DRAWN 150000 130000 10/30 35/45 1302 132c 75 YELLOW & BROWN
4340 HOT ROLLED ANNEALED 100/120000 65/85000 20/30 45/55 210/250 16/25C 45 PURPLE & ALUMINUM
2″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 175/190000 155/170000 12/18 48/55 370/400 38/42C
3″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 170/180000 140/155000 12/20 45/50 350/375 36/39C
4″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 160/170000 135/145000 12/20 40/50 330/360 35/38C
5″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 145/160000 125/135000 10/15 40/50 300/330 31/36C
6″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 140/150000 120/130000 10/15 40/50 240/320 30/35C
4615 HOT ROLLED 75/85000 53/63000 25/35 58/68 150/180 80/87B 50 GREEN AND YELLOW
COLD DRAWN 90/100000 75/85000 15/25 50/60 190/215 91/96B 58 GREEN AND YELLOW
1″ Rd. Carburized 1700F, Box Cooled, Reheated to 1525F and Quenched in Oil, Tempered at 300F CORE 110/125000 80/100000 18/2320/3015/25 50/60 220/250 20/24C
4620 HOT ROLLED 80/95000 60/70000 20/30 55/65 165/200 85/93B 52 GREEN AND YELLOW
COLD DRAWN 95/105000 80/90000 15/25 50/60 200/220 93/97B 60 GREEN AND YELLOW
1″ Rd. Carburized 1700F, Box Cooled, Reheated to 1525F and Quenched in Oil, Tempered at 300F CORE 115/130000 85/105000 18/23 45/55 220/250 20/24C
86201,3 HOT ROLLED 80/95000 60/70000 18/25 55/65 165/200 85/93B 55 PINK AND GREEN
COLD DRAWN 95/105000 80/90000 15/25 50/60 200/220 93/97B 60 PINK AND GREEN
1″ Rd. Carburized 1700F, Box Cooled, Reheated to 1550F and Quenched in Oil, Tempered at 300F CORE 125/150000 100/120000 15/20 45/55 250/300 24/32C
8642 HOT ROLLED 100/130000 65/85000 15/25 35/50 210/275 17/29C 50 PINK AND YELLOW
ANNEALED COLD DRAWN 100/110000 90/100000 13/20 40/50 210/230 17/20C 65 PINK AND YELLOW
1″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 150/160000 130/140000 13/20 40/50 300/350 32/37C
3″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 120/140000 100/110000 20/25 40/50 250/290 24/30C
8742 HOT ROLLED 100/130000 65/85000 15/25 35/50 210/275 17/29C 50 PINK AND YELLOW
ANNEALED COLD DRAWN 100/110000 90/100000 13/20 40/50 210/230 17/20C 65 PINK AND YELLOW
2″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 140/150000 120/130000 15/25 40/50 270/300 28/32C
4″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1550F, Tempered at 1000F 110/125000 90/110000 18/25 40/50 235/265 21/27C
W110 Drill Rod ANNEALED 1″ Rd. Water Quenched from 1450F 894/97 43
Tempered at 400F C69/62
01 Drill Rod ANNEALED 1″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 1450F B94/100 39
Tempered at 400F C59/61
T1 Drill Rod ANNEALED 1″ Rd. Oil Quenched from 2300F B97/100 25
Tempered at 1100F C60/64

 
 
1With the addition of .15 / .35 percent lead to this grade, mechanical properties are not appreciable aff ected. Machinability, however, is improved approximately 24 percent.
2In the event of disagreement between hardness and tensile strength, the tensile strength shall govern.
3Selenium may also be added to these alloys to further improve machining characteristics. Stressproof®, Fatigueproof®, and ETD 150® are trademarks of Mark La Salle Steel Co.